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Citing Sources  

This guide provides information about how to avoid plagiarism and cite sources properly.
Last Updated: Jul 2, 2015 URL: Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts

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Citing Sources

Wordle: citation

About this guide


Welcome to Citing Sources

Welcome to the Grand Canyon University Library Citation Guide!

Citing Sources is more than just creating a Bibliography!  Whenever you use another person's language, ideas, or other original content, you need to acknowledge this both within the body of your paper using in-text citations and at the end of your paper in the bibliography or reference page. You must give the proper credit to the original source to avoid plagiarism.

Citing sources is also the best way to show the research you have done on your topic.

This guide will assist you in citing sources while you are writing. Citations generally include much of the same information, just in different format or order. This guide offers information on all of the citation formats used at Grand Canyon University, as well as links to more information regarding each style. Choose your citation style from the links below, or from the tabs above.

The way you document your sources depends on the writing style manual your professor wants you to use for the class (e.g., APA, MLA, Turabian, etc.), and is usually specific to your discipline or area of study.


Definition of Citation and Style Guides

Always confirm the style required by your professor for your specific assignment or class.

This guide includes the following citation styles:

APA (American Psychological Association) - commonly used in the Social Sciences.

MLA (Modern Language Association) - commonly used for Humanities and Liberal Arts.

Turabian (A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations by Kate L. Turabian) - commonly used in History and Humanities, emphasizes the use of footnotes and endnotes - Turabian generally follows the CMS (Chicago Manual of Style) citation rules with some modifications specific to student writing.

SBL Society of Biblical Literature (SBL) Handbook of Style - generally follows the CMS citation rules with some modifications and focus on biblical studies- offers complete abbreviation guide for bible citation.


Using Cite Tools in Databases

Many databases provide tools to help you cite the sources you find.

EBSCO Cite Tool:

Once you locate an article that you like:

  1. Click the Cite button located on the right side of the page in the Tools section
  2. A box will display above the article title with the APA 6th edition formatted citation in it. Copy this citation
  3. Paste the citation into your document.
  4. Double-check the citation for accuracy and proper APA formatting.

ProQuest Cite Tool:

From the list of search results:

  1. Click on the Citation/Abstract link for the article that you want to use.
  2. On the page that opens, click on the Cite button found near the top of the page. This will open a new window.
  3. Make sure that APA 6th is selected as the Citation style in the drop-down menu.
  4. Copy and Paste the citation in the box.
  5. Double-check the citation for accuracy and proper APA formatting.

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